What is Land2Sea?
Land2Sea brings together a multidisciplinary team of aquatic ecologists, ecosystem modellers, socio-cultural researchers and economists, focusing on the combined impacts of human activity and climate change on freshwater and marine systems.
Empirical research will characterise combined effects of these stressors on multiple dimensions of biodiversity and on ecosystem processes, services and benefits. Findings will fill gaps in existing knowledge, which will be reviewed and complemented by expert opinion as a basis for a framework of coupled models (physical, biological and socio-economic) to predict impacts on aquatic ecosystems and ecosystem services and socio-economic and cultural benefits.
The framework and its application to policy and management will be developed and trialed through four case study catchments with differing environmental and societal contexts: Dublin Bay, Ireland; the St Lawrence Estuary, Canada; Kosterhavet, Bohuslän, Sweden and the Tidal Elbe, Germany.
The project will also contribute towards efforts to achieve SDG targets 6.3 (By 2030, improve water quality), SDG 6.6 (By 2020 restore aquatic ecosystems), 14.1 (By 2015, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution) and 14.2 (By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems).